Links

139/445 - NetBIOS/SMB

NetBIOS/Server Message Block

NetBIOS listens on TCP 139 and several UDP ports. SMB (TCP 445) and NetBIOS are separate protocols; however, modern implementations of SMB often utilize NetBIOS over TCP for backwards compatibility. SMB has a history of vulnerabilities but we are primarily interested in SMB for enumeration of shares to search for credentials, backups and other information that may help us gain a foothold.
We can search for NetBios/SMB hosts using nmap or nbtscan:
nmap -v -p 139,445 10.11.1.1-254
sudo nbtscan -r 10.11.1.0/24

NSE scripts

  • Viewable with ls -l /usr/share/nmap/scripts/smb*
nmap -p 139,445 --script=smb* 10.11.1.75
nmap --script=smb-enum* 10.11.1.227
nmap -p 139,445 --script=smb-enum-users 10.11.1.75
nmap -v -p 139,445 -oG smb.txt 10.11.1.1-245 –open
nmap --script smb-vuln-* 10.10.10.40
nmap -p 139,445 --script=smb-os-discovery 10.10.10.40

CrackMapExec

crackmapexec smb $ip_range -u '' -p '' (enumerate null shares)
crackmapexec smb $ip_range --pass-pol
crackmapexec smb $ip_range --users
crackmapexec smb $ip_range --groups
crackmapexec smb $ip_range -u user -p 'password' -d domain --shares
crackmapexec smb $ip_address -u user -p 'password' -d domain --shares --spider "C$" --pattern "pass"

smbclient

smbclient -L \\$ip\\ -U [[domain\\]username]
smbclient -L \\\\$ip\\
smbclient -L \\\\$ip\\$share
*connect to share*
smbclient \\\\$ip\\$share
smbclient \\\\$ip\\$share -U domain\\username

enum4linux

enum4linux 10.11.1.127
enum4linux -a -v 10.11.1.227

showmount

showmount -a $targetip (all)
showmount -e $targetip (exports)

mount

mount -t cifs -o username=user,password=password //x.x.x.x/share /mnt/share

Download shares

get log.txt --allows you to download single files
smbget -R smb://ipaddress/sharename

smbclient.py

python3 /opt/impacket/examples/smbclient.py username@target-ip
python3 /opt/impacket/examples/smbclient.py 'username'@target-ip
python3 /opt/impacket/examples/smbclient.py ''@target-ip

Eternal Blue